Microscopic spine surgery is the most recent ,advanced and safest way of spine surgery and involves surgery under guidance of microscope with the help of special tubular / conical/cylindrical retractor instruments which enhance the safety due to better magnified 3 dimensional visualization obtained due to microscopic assistance.

Advantage

• Smaller incisions
• Less blood loss
• Better cosmesis
• Less pain post operative
• Shorter hospitalisation
• Early recovery
• Less infection rates
• No long term morbidity

Limitations
• Limited applicability not suited for cases like high grade spondylolisthesis, severe stenosis, multilevel pathology etc